The study analyzes potential co-benefits from implementing Mexico’s NDC that would help achieve the SDGs.
According to the report, almost 40% of SDG targets are directly related to mitigation and/or adaptation.
Almost all of Mexico’s NDC adaptation measures, the study notes, link to the SDGs, including incorporating a gender perspective and human rights approach.
July 2018: Promoting national-level integrated implementation and a co-benefits approach is the only way to effectively advance both climate action and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, according to the Executive Summary of a report published by the Government of Mexico and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).
The report titled, ‘Spinning the Web: The Co-benefits Approach to an Integrated Implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement in Mexico,’ specifically looks at potential co-benefits from implementing Mexico’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) that would help achieve the SDGs.
The study explains that climate change goes beyond SDG 13 (climate action), cutting across the 2030 Agenda, and that almost 40% of SDG targets are directly related to mitigation and/or adaptation. It identifies multiple connections between both agendas, offers tools to promote synergies and realize potential co-benefits through strategic and integrated planning, and recommends promoting policy coherence to break out of “sectoral silos,” reduce costs and avoid duplication of efforts and trade-offs.
Focusing on co-benefits contributes to the mainstreaming of climate action in the development agenda.
The Executive Summary contends that focusing on co-benefits contributes to the mainstreaming of climate action in the development agenda, and enables the engagement of different sectors and actors. It identifies 25 co-benefits most associated with climate action and links them to Mexico’s NDC and SDG targets, and notes that SDGs 11 (sustainable cities and communities), 12 (responsible consumption and production) and 6 (clean water and sanitation) have the highest number of interconnections to climate co-benefits. Regarding targets, the report notes that SDG targets 2.4 (sustainable and resilient agricultural systems), 6.4 (efficient use of water resources), 7.2 (renewable energy) and 11.2 (sustainable transport systems) have the most connections to climate co-benefits.
Pointing to co-benefits most related to implementation of Mexico’s NDC, the report highlights the adoption of technological change, reduced vulnerability, improved quality of atmospheric basins, improved public health and better public management. It also mentions livestock and agriculture, and land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) as NDC sectors with the potential to generate 13 out of the 25 co-benefits listed in the study. Almost all NDC adaptation measures, according to the report, link to the SDGs, including incorporating a gender perspective and human rights approach.
The study shows that considering the co-benefits of mitigation actions could maximize their potential to generate positive economic returns, while greater attention to the co-benefits of adaptation actions could broaden their impact on development Goals, such as poverty reduction. The study concludes that while some policies will generate certain co-benefits (for example, renewable energy investments will likely lead to job creation), others will only be realized under certain conditions, such as integration into the national planning process. [Publication: Spinning the Web: The Co-benefits Approach to an Integrated Implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement in Mexico (Executive Summary)] [SDG Knowledge Hub Story on the HLPF Side Event on Integrated Approaches to Joined-up SDG and NDC Implementation]