Oceans & Coasts

activities related to the sustainable management of the ocean, marine resources and coastal areas; includes efforts that recognize the ocean’s contribution to the climate change challenge as a carbon sink, as well as the interactions between climate change and the ocean, such as carbon dioxide-driven acidification, impacts of rising ocean temperatures, carbon storage in the ocean seabed, and ocean fertilization; with regard to biodiversity and ocean health, activities related to fisheries and aquaculture such as dwindling fish stocks and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, pollution and debris, and biodiversity and ecosystem protection and conservation, including the impacts of invasive species; also includes activities related livelihoods and the “blue economy.”