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The Expert Review Team (ERT) finds Canada's GHG Inventory submission to be generally in line with UNFCCC and IPCC reporting guidelines, but identifies instances where Canada's inventory is not fully in line with these guidelines, in particular regarding completeness of estimates, transparency and time-series consistency.

21 April 2011: The UNFCCC Secretariat has published the report (FCCC/ARR/2010/CAN) of the individual review of the annual submission of Canada submitted in 2010.

The Expert Review Team (ERT) concludes that the inventory submission of Canada has been prepared and reported in accordance with the UNFCCC reporting guidelines. The inventory submission is complete in terms of geographical coverage, years, sectors and gases, as well as generally complete in terms of categories. Canada has submitted a complete set of common reporting format (CRF) tables for the years 1990-2008 and a national inventory report (NIR).

However, the ERT identifies several categories reported as not estimated (“NE”) in the energy, industrial processes, agriculture, waste and land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) sectors. In response to the list of potential problems and further questions raised by the ERT during the centralized review, Canada provided CH4 and N2O emission estimates for field burning of agricultural residues and CH4 emission estimates for industrial wastewater. In addition, Canada provided revised CH4 emission estimates for natural gas distribution. The ERT recommends that Canada provide estimates for all remaining missing categories that are known to occur in the country and that are identified in this report in its next annual submission, in order to improve the completeness of reporting in accordance with the requirements of the UNFCCC reporting guidelines. Canada’s inventory is generally in line with the UNFCCC reporting guidelines, the Revised 1996 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines, the IPCC good practice guidance and the IPCC good practice guidance for LULUCF. However, the ERT identifies some instances where Canada’s inventory is not fully in line with these guidelines, in particular regarding completeness of estimates, but also regarding transparency and time-series consistency. Canada provided all supplementary information required under Article 3, paragraphs 3 and 4, of the Kyoto Protocol. [Publication: Individual Review of the Annual Submission of Canada- 2010]

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