The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Barbados, Burkina Faso, Chad, Guyana, Kazakhstan and Peru have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties to have done so to 94.
28 September 2015: The UNFCCC Secretariat has reported that Barbados, Burkina Faso, Chad, Guyana, Kazakhstan and Peru have formally submitted their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs), bringing the total number of Parties to have done so to 94.
The INDC from Barbados sets out the Party’s intention to achieve an economy-wide reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 44% compared to its business as usual (BAU) scenario by 2030, or in absolute terms, a reduction of 23% compared to 2008 levels. The country has also set an interim target of reducing emissions by 37% compared to BAU projections in 2025, which translates to a 21% reduction below the 2008 baseline.
The INDC covers the energy and waste sectors, with sub-sector contributions identified, such as improving electrical energy efficiency through a 22% reduction in electricity consumption and non-electrical energy efficiency through a 29% reduction in non-electric energy consumption including transport, both compared to a BAU scenario in 2029. The INDC also describes the country’s national adaptation response.
Burkina Faso communicates targeted mitigation outcomes for the year 2030 of, unconditionally, a 6.6% emission reduction compared to BAU projections and, conditionally, a 11.6% reduction, for a total reduction of 18.2%. The INDC includes a breakdown of these targets in three sectors, namely, agriculture, energy and waste.
Within the energy sector, some of the primary measures will be increasing energy efficiency in the manufacturing industry and replacing traditional lighting with high-efficiency bulbs. Under adaptation, the country sets out actions it plans to undertake in terms of sustainable land management (SLM), forestry, energy, environmental education and food security.
The submission from Chad includes an unconditional emissions reduction target of 18.2% relative to the reference scenario projection in 2030, and a conditional target of reducing emissions, compared to the projections, by 71% in 2030. The INDC covers the energy, agriculture/livestock, land use and forestry, and waste sectors. It also covers the following gases: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O).
The country is prioritizing the water, agriculture/agroforestry, livestock and fishing sectors for adaptation activities. It estimates its financial needs for both the mitigation and adaptation contributions at US$21.2 billion, of which US$17.9 billion would be needed to attain the conditional objectives.
Guyana’s INDC proposes policies, measures and actions, both conditional and unconditional, in the forestry and energy sectors, with agriculture treated as an adaptation issue. The gas covered by the INDC is CO2. With the provision of adequate resources, Guyana states that it can provide up to 52 MtCO2-equivalent to global mitigation and can increase its share of renewable energy to 20% of total energy usage by 2025.
Among the INDC’s unconditional contributions are energy efficient and renewable energy cook stoves, incentives for energy efficient behavior, replacement of inefficient lighting, and public education and awareness about energy efficiency and reducing energy consumption.
Kazakhstan puts forward an economy-wide target of a 15%-25% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels in its INDC. The low end of the range is its unconditional target, while 25% can be achieved contingent on access to additional international investments, low-carbon technologies, climate finance and flexible mechanisms for countries with economies in transition, according to the INDC. CO2, CH4, N2O, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) are covered by the contribution. The sectors covered are energy, agriculture, waste, and land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF).
Peru’s contribution includes a reduction of emissions equivalent to 30% in relation to the GHG emissions of the projected BAU scenario in 2030. The Party expects to implement a 20% reduction (its unconditional target) through domestic investment and expenses, from public and private resources, while the remaining 10% (its conditional portion) will be subject to international financing and favorable conditions. The primary gases considered in its INDC are CO2, CH4 and N2O. The country’s INDC for adaptation prioritizes the water, agriculture, fishery, forestry and health sectors.
All Parties to the UNFCCC are expected to submit INDCs in advance of the Paris Climate Change Conference, which will take place in November-December 2015. Those submitted by 1 October 2015 will be included in a synthesis report on their aggregate effect by 1 November 2015. Parties are anticipated to agree on a global climate change agreement to take effect in 2020 at the Paris Climate Change Conference. [UNFCCC Press Release, Barbados] [Barbados’s INDC] [UNFCCC Press Release, Burkina Faso] [Burkina Faso’s INDC] [UNFCCC Press Release, Chad] [Chad’s INDC] [UNFCCC Press Release, Guyana] [Guyana’s INDC] [UNFCCC Press Release, Kazakhstan] [Kazakhstan’s INDC] [UNFCCC Press Release, Peru] [Peru’s INDC] [Peru’s INDC – English] [UNFCCC INDC Portal]